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Living Donation Discussion and News => Living Donation in the News => Topic started by: Clark on November 11, 2017, 03:59:51 PM

Title: Temporal trends...on acceptance of obese living kidney donors
Post by: Clark on November 11, 2017, 03:59:51 PM (

Temporal trends, center-level variation, and the impact of prevalent state obesity rates on acceptance of obese living kidney donors
Abhijit S. Naik, Diane M. Cibrik, Ankit Sakhuja, Milagros Samaniego, Yee Lu, Vahakn Shahinian, Silas P. Norman, Mark A. Schnitzler, Bertram L. Kasiske, Dorry L. Segev, Krista L. Lentine
American Journal of Transplantation
 DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14519

The impact of pre-donation obesity on long-term outcomes of living kidney donors remains controversial. Published guidelines offer varying recommendations regarding BMI (kg/m2) thresholds for donor acceptance. We examined temporal and center-level variation in BMI of accepted donors across US transplant centers. Using national transplant registry data, we performed multivariate hierarchical logistic regression modeling using pairwise comparisons (overweight, BMI: 25-29.9; mildly obese, BMI: 30-34.9; very obese, BMI: ≥35; versus normal BMI: 18.5-24.9). Metrics of heterogeneity, including median odds ratio (MOR), were calculated. Among 90 013 living kidney donors, 2001-2016, proportions who were very obese decreased and proportions who were mildly obese or overweight increased. Significant center-level heterogeneity was noted in BMI of accepted donors; the MOR varied from 1.10 for overweight to 1.93 for very obese donors. At centers located in the 10 states with the highest general population obesity rates, adjusted odds of very obese donor status were 185% higher (reference: normal BMI) than in states with the lowest obesity rates. Although there is a declining trend in acceptance of very obese living kidney donors, variation across centers is significant. Furthermore, local population obesity rates may affect the decision to accept obese individuals as donors.