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Author Topic: ESRD Risk Prediction for Black vs. White Related Living Kidney Donors  (Read 1248 times)

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Offline Clark

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ESRD Risk Prediction for Black vs. White Related Living Kidney Donors
J. Wainright, et al.
Meeting: 2020 American Transplant Congress
Abstract number: C-077

*Purpose: We studied 25-year risk of post-donation ESRD in black (n=10,214) and white (n=45,700) first-degree related living kidney donors (RLKDs) who donated in the US during 1994-2018, ascertaining ESRD with OPTN and CMS data.

*Methods: We ran separate multivariable Cox regression models by race and found the effects of donor factors on risk of ESRD varied across race.

*Results: Eighty three black and 115 white first-degree RLKDs developed ESRD through 12/31/18 (Table 1). White RLKDs had increased risk of ESRD if they were older, male, or had higher pre-donation BMI or systolic blood pressure (Figure 1). Black RLKDs were at increased ESRD risk if they had higher BP or lower eGFR; effects for BMI and sex among black RLKDs were directionally consistent with white donors, but not statistically significant. Older age was associated with lower risk for black RLKDs. Contrary to previous findings, donor age – which we allowed to be non-linear – was not associated with ESRD risk for donors younger than the median age in either group, suggesting previous findings were driven by assuming linearity (Figure 2). The relative importance of donor characteristics varied between the two groups: all studied donor factors were associated with ESRD risk for white RLKDs; for black RLKDs, age, BP, and eGFR were stronger predictors of post-donation ESRD than donor sex or BMI – likely because of ApoL1-related risk.

*Conclusions: Previous research revealed a race by age interaction for ESRD risk. This study provides a refined understanding of this interaction effect, while also suggesting the possibility of two new interactions – race by sex and race by BMI – that warrant further study.

Unrelated directed kidney donor in 2003, 500+ time blood & platelet donor and counting!
Rep to the OPTN/UNOS Boards of Directors & Executive, Kidney Transplantation, & Ad Hoc Public Solicitation of Organ Donors Committees 2005-2011


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